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fnmatch


(PHP 4 >= 4.3.0, PHP 5)

fnmatchMatch filename against a pattern

Beschreibung

bool fnmatch ( string $pattern , string $string [, int $flags = 0 ] )

fnmatch() checks if the passed string would match the given shell wildcard pattern .

Parameter-Liste

pattern

The shell wildcard pattern.

string

The tested string. This function is especially useful for filenames, but may also be used on regular strings.

The average user may be used to shell patterns or at least in their simplest form to '?' and '*' wildcards so using fnmatch() instead of preg_match() for frontend search expression input may be way more convenient for non-programming users.

flags

The value of flags can be any combination of the following flags, joined with the binary OR (|) operator.

A list of possible flags for fnmatch()
Flag Description
FNM_NOESCAPE Disable backslash escaping.
FNM_PATHNAME Slash in string only matches slash in the given pattern.
FNM_PERIOD Leading period in string must be exactly matched by period in the given pattern.
FNM_CASEFOLD Caseless match. Part of the GNU extension.

Rückgabewerte

Returns TRUE if there is a match, FALSE otherwise.

Changelog

Version Beschreibung
5.3.0 This function is now available on Windows platforms.

Beispiele

PHP Code
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if (fnmatch("*gr[ae]y", $color)) { echo "some form of gray ..."; }

Anmerkungen

Warnung

For now this function is not available on non-POSIX compliant systems.

Siehe auch

  • glob() - Findet Dateinamen, die mit einem Muster übereinstimmen
  • preg_match() - Führt eine Suche mit einem regulären Ausdruck durch
  • sscanf() - Überträgt einen String in ein angegebenes Format
  • printf() - Gibt einen formatierten String aus
  • sprintf() - Gibt einen formatierten String zurück