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XML External Entity Example


This example highlights XML code. It illustrates how to use an external entity reference handler to include and parse other documents, as well as how PIs can be processed, and a way of determining "trust" for PIs containing code.

XML documents that can be used for this example are found below the example (xmltest.xml and xmltest2.xml.)

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$file = "xmltest.xml"; function trustedFile($file) { // only trust local files owned by ourselves if (!preg_match("@^([a-z]+)\:\/\/@i", $file) && fileowner($file) == getmyuid()) { return true; } return false; } function startElement($parser, $name, $attribs) { echo "<<font color="#0000cc">$name</font>"; if (count($attribs)) { foreach ($attribs as $k => $v) { echo " <font color="#009900">$k</font>="<font color="#990000">$v</font>""; } } echo ">"; } function endElement($parser, $name) { echo "</<font color="#0000cc">$name</font>>"; } function characterData($parser, $data) { echo "<b>$data</b>"; } function PIHandler($parser, $target, $data) { switch (strtolower($target)) { case "php": global $parser_file; // If the parsed document is "trusted", we say it is safe // to execute PHP code inside it. If not, display the code // instead. if (trustedFile($parser_file[$parser])) { eval($data); } else { printf("Untrusted PHP code: <i>%s</i>", htmlspecialchars($data)); } break; } } function defaultHandler($parser, $data) { if (substr($data, 0, 1) == "&" && substr($data, -1, 1) == ";") { printf('<font color="#aa00aa">%s</font>', htmlspecialchars($data)); } else { printf('<font size="-1">%s</font>', htmlspecialchars($data)); } } function externalEntityRefHandler($parser, $openEntityNames, $base, $systemId, $publicId) { if ($systemId) { if (!list($parser, $fp) = new_xml_parser($systemId)) { printf("Could not open entity %s at %s\n", $openEntityNames, $systemId); return false; } while ($data = fread($fp, 4096)) { if (!xml_parse($parser, $data, feof($fp))) { printf("XML error: %s at line %d while parsing entity %s\n", xml_error_string(xml_get_error_code($parser)), xml_get_current_line_number($parser), $openEntityNames); xml_parser_free($parser); return false; } } xml_parser_free($parser); return true; } return false; } function new_xml_parser($file) { global $parser_file; $xml_parser = xml_parser_create(); xml_parser_set_option($xml_parser, XML_OPTION_CASE_FOLDING, 1); xml_set_element_handler($xml_parser, "startElement", "endElement"); xml_set_character_data_handler($xml_parser, "characterData"); xml_set_processing_instruction_handler($xml_parser, "PIHandler"); xml_set_default_handler($xml_parser, "defaultHandler"); xml_set_external_entity_ref_handler($xml_parser, "externalEntityRefHandler"); if (!($fp = @fopen($file, "r"))) { return false; } if (!is_array($parser_file)) { settype($parser_file, "array"); } $parser_file[$xml_parser] = $file; return array($xml_parser, $fp); } if (!(list($xml_parser, $fp) = new_xml_parser($file))) { die("could not open XML input"); } echo "<pre>"; while ($data = fread($fp, 4096)) { if (!xml_parse($xml_parser, $data, feof($fp))) { die(sprintf("XML error: %s at line %d\n", xml_error_string(xml_get_error_code($xml_parser)), xml_get_current_line_number($xml_parser))); } } echo "</pre>"; echo "parse complete\n"; xml_parser_free($xml_parser);

Beispiel #2 xmltest.xml

<?xml version='1.0'?>
<!DOCTYPE chapter SYSTEM "/just/a/test.dtd" [
<!ENTITY plainEntity "FOO entity">
<!ENTITY systemEntity SYSTEM "xmltest2.xml">
]>
<chapter>
 <TITLE>Title &plainEntity;</TITLE>
 <para>
  <informaltable>
   <tgroup cols="3">
    <tbody>
     <row><entry>a1</entry><entry morerows="1">b1</entry><entry>c1</entry></row>
     <row><entry>a2</entry><entry>c2</entry></row>
     <row><entry>a3</entry><entry>b3</entry><entry>c3</entry></row>
    </tbody>
   </tgroup>
  </informaltable>
 </para>
 &systemEntity;
 <section id="about">
  <title>About this Document</title>
  <para>
   <!-- this is a comment -->
   <?php echo 'Hi!  This is PHP version ' . phpversion(); ?>
  </para>
 </section>
</chapter>

This file is included from xmltest.xml:

Beispiel #3 xmltest2.xml

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<!DOCTYPE foo [
<!ENTITY testEnt "test entity">
]>
<foo>
   <element attrib="value"/>
   &testEnt;
   <?php echo "This is some more PHP code being executed."; ?>
</foo>